Structural properties of liquid water at ambient temperature were studied using Car-Parrinello [Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2471 (1985)] ab initio molecular dynamics (CPAIMD) simulations combined with the Kohn-Sham (KS) density functional theory and the BLYP exchange-correlation functional for the electronic structure. Unlike other recent work on the same subject, where plane-wave (PW) or hybrid Gaussian/plane-wave basis sets were employed, in the present paper, a discrete variable representation (DVR) basis set is used to expand the KS orbitals, so that with the real-space grid adapted in the present work, the properties of liquid water could be obtained very near the complete basis set limit. Structural properties of liquid water were extracted from a 30 ps CPAIMD-BLYP/DVR trajectory at 300 K. The radial distribution functions (RDFs), spatial distribution functions, and hydrogen bond geometry obtained from the CPAIMD-BLYP/DVR simulation are generally in good agreement with the most up to date experimental measurements. Compared to recent ab initio MD simulations based on PW basis sets, less significant overstructuring was found in the RDFs and the distributions of hydrogen bond angles, suggesting that previous plane-wave and Gaussian basis set calculations have exaggerated the tendency toward overstructuring.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry