Structure of matter in strong magnetic fields

D. Neuhauser, S. E. Koonin, K. Langanke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We give a detailed presentation of Hartree-Fock calculations of atoms and molecular chains in 1012 G magnetic fields, as are supposed to exist on the surface of neutron stars. These calculations are the first self-consistent ones treating exchange properly for atoms heavier than helium in high fields. We find that the isolated atom is energetically favored over molecular chains for Z>2 at fields greater than 1×1012G and for Z>4 at fields greater than 5×1012 G. These results indicate that matter on the surface of neutron stars is bound very weakly, if at all.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4163-4175
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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