Struggling to stay afloat: Dynamic models of poverty-related adversity and child outcomes

C. C. Raver, Amanda L. Roy, Emily Pressler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter outlines several promising ways to capture the respective roles of poverty (as defined by falling below a federally defined threshold based on families' total household income and family size), and co-occurring risks (such as job loss, residential, and household instability) in research on child outcomes in the context of adversity. As high-quality longitudinal data has become increasingly available and the methods for analyzing data are more sophisticated, our approaches to the measurement of poverty-related risk have become more complex. Exposure to poverty-related risk can be understood as dynamic, with consequences for children likely to vary as a function of timing, type, and context (e.g., households, schools, and neighborhoods). The impact of poverty-related adversity may also depend on both adults' and children's subjective experiences of material hardship and level of disadvantage relative to neighbors or peers. The authors draw upon a preschool experiment and subsequent long-term longitudinal follow-up of over 600 low-income children (the Chicago School Readiness Project or CSRP) to illustrate these approaches. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationFamilies in an era of increasing inequality: Diverging destinies
EditorsP. R. Amato, A. Booth, S. M. McHale, J. Van Hook
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-08307-0 (Hardcover); 978-3-319-08308-7 (Electronic)
StatePublished - 2015


  • *Childhood Development
  • *Disadvantaged
  • *Poverty
  • Life Experiences
  • Subjectivity

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