Study of solar neutrinos with the 600 t liquid argon ICARUS detector

F. Arneodo, A. Badertscher, S. Baibussinov, P. Benetti, A. Borio Di Tigliole, R. Brunetti, A. Bueno, E. Calligarich, M. Campanelli, C. Carpanese, D. Cavalli, F. Cavanna, P. Cennini, S. Centro, A. Cesana, C. Chen, Y. Chen, D. Cline, I. De Mitri, R. DolfiniA. Ferrari, A. Gigli Berzolari, P. Goudsmit, K. He, X. Huang, Z. Li, F. Lu, J. Ma, G. Mannocchi, M. Maris, F. Mauri, D. Mazza, L. Mazzone, C. Montanari, S. Otwinowski, O. Palamara, D. Pascoli, A. Pepato, L. Periale, S. Petrera, G. Piano Mortari, A. Piazzoli, P. Picchi, F. Pietropaolo, A. Rappoldi, G. L. Raselli, J. P. Revol, M. Rossella, C. Rossi, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, P. Sala, D. Scannicchio, F. Sergiampietri, S. Suzuki, M. Terrani, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, H. Wang, J. Woo, G. Xu, Z. Xu, C. Zhang, Q. Zhang, S. Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ICARUS time projection chamber can yield sound information on 8B solar neutrinos. Owing to the high-energy resolution and the good capability of event reconstruction it can make a contribution to our understanding of neutrino intensities and their energy spectrum. Moreover, the MSW oscillation probability for sterile and active neutrinos can be well studied because both elastic scattering by electrons and absorption reaction on argon nuclei can be measured independently. The main problem in detecting the low-energy neutrino interactions arises from the environmental radioactivity. In the present work we study by Monte Carlo simulation the topology and the rates of the events, induced by neutrinos and background neutrons, in a 470 t (fiducial mass) liquid-argon TPC detector. For neutrino interactions we use the standard solar model BP98 and the recent experimental confirmation of the shell model computation of absorption cross section. The noise is estimated from new data on natural neutron background, collected in the hall C of the Gran Sasso laboratory. It is confirmed that, with a relatively modest neutron shielding and particular off-line event triggers, the weight of spurious events can be made to have little influence on the ICARUS solar neutrino measurement. Indeed, we expect 6 (26) background events per year in the 212 (759) elastic scattering (absorption reaction) sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-389
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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