Studying a cell division amidase using defined peptidoglycan substrates

Tania J. Lupoli, Tohru Taniguchi, Tsung Shing Wang, Deborah L. Perlstein, Suzanne Walker, Daniel E. Kahne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

(Figure Presented) Three periplasmic N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidases are critical for hydrolysis of septal peptidoglycan, which enables cell separation. The amidases cleave the amide bond between the lactyl group of muramic acid and the amino group of L-alanine to release a peptide moiety. Cell division amidases remain largely uncharacterized because substrates suitable for studying them have not been available. Here we have used synthetic peptidoglycan fragments of defined composition to characterize the catalytic activity and substrate specificity of the important Escherichia coli cell division amidase AmiA. We show that AmiA is a zinc metalloprotease that requires at least a tetrasaccharide glycopeptide substrate for cleavage. The approach outlined here can be applied to many other cell wall hydrolases and should enable more detailed studies of accessory proteins proposed to regulate amidase activity in cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18230-18231
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume131
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Lupoli, T. J., Taniguchi, T., Wang, T. S., Perlstein, D. L., Walker, S., & Kahne, D. E. (2009). Studying a cell division amidase using defined peptidoglycan substrates. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131(51), 18230-18231. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja908916z