Suppression of galloping oscillations by injecting a high-frequency excitation

Ali H. Alhadidi, Shadi Khazaaleh, Mohammed F. Daqaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Galloping is an aeroelastic instability which incites oscillatory motion of elastic structures when subjected to an incident flow. Because galloping is often detrimental to the integrity of the structure, many research studies have focused on investigating methodologies to suppress these oscillations. These include using passive energy sinks, altering the surface characteristics of the structure, actively changing the shape of the boundary layer through momentum injection and using feedback control algorithms. In this paper, we demonstrate that the critical flow speed at which galloping is activated can be substantially increased by subjecting the galloping structure to a high-frequency non-resonant base excitation. The average effect of the high-frequency excitation is to produce additional linear damping in the slow response which serves to suppress the galloping instability. We study this approach theoretically and demonstrate its effectiveness using experimental tests performed on a galloping cantilevered structure. It is demonstrated that the galloping speed can be tripled in some experimental cases. This article is part of the theme issue 'Vibrational and stochastic resonance in driven nonlinear systems (part 2)'.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20200244
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2198
StatePublished - May 31 2021


  • galloping
  • high-frequency excitation
  • instability
  • suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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