Surface EMG-Based Hand gesture recognition via hybrid and dilated deep neural network architectures for neurorobotic prostheses

Elahe Rahimian, Soheil Zabihi, Seyed Farokh Atashzar, Amir Asif, Arash Mohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Motivated by the potentials of deep learning models in significantly improving myoelectric control of neuroprosthetic robotic limbs, this paper proposes two novel deep learning architectures, namely the Hybrid Recognition Model (HRM) and the Temporal Convolutional Network Model (TCNM), for performing Hand Gesture Recognition (HGR) via multi-channel surface Electromyography (sEMG) signals. The work is aimed at enhancing the accuracy of myoelectric systems, which can be used for realizing an accurate and resilient man-machine interface for myocontrol of neurorobotic systems. The HRM is developed based on an innovative, unconventional, and particular hybridization of two parallel paths (one convolutional and one recurrent) coupled via a fully-connected multilayer network acting as the fusion center providing robustness across different scenarios. The hybrid design is specifically proposed to treat temporal and spatial features in two parallel processing pipelines and to augment the discriminative power of the model to reduce the required computational complexity and construct a compact HGR model. We designed a second architecture, the TCNM, as a compact architecture. It is worth mentioning that efficiency of a designed deep model, especially its memory usage and number of parameters, is as important as its achievable accuracy in practice. The TCNM has significantly less memory requirement in training when compared to the HRM due to implementation of novel dilated causal convolutions that gradually increase the receptive field of the network and utilize shared filter parameters. The NinaPro DB2 dataset is utilized for evaluation purposes. The proposed HRM significantly outperforms its counterparts achieving an exceptionally-high HGR performance of 98.01%. The TCNM with the accuracy of 92.5% also outperforms existing solutions while maintaining low computational requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2041001
JournalJournal of Medical Robotics Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • convolutional neural network
  • dilated causal convolution
  • gesture recognition
  • long-short term memory
  • Surface Electromyography (sEMG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Surface EMG-Based Hand gesture recognition via hybrid and dilated deep neural network architectures for neurorobotic prostheses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this