Surviving threats: Neural circuit and computational implications of a new taxonomy of defensive behaviour

Joseph Ledoux, Nathaniel D. Daw

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Research on defensive behaviour in mammals has in recent years focused on elicited reactions; however, organisms also make active choices when responding to danger. We propose a hierarchical taxonomy of defensive behaviour on the basis of known psychological processes. Included are three categories of reactions (reflexes, fixed reactions and habits) and three categories of goal-directed actions (direct action-outcome behaviours and actions based on implicit or explicit forecasting of outcomes). We then use this taxonomy to guide a summary of findings regarding the underlying neural circuits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-282
Number of pages14
JournalNature Reviews Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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