Synergistic effects of implant macrogeometry and surface physicochemical modifications on osseointegration: An in vivo experimental study in sheep

Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Paula G.F.P. de Oliveira, Ryo Jimbo, Rodrigo Neiva, Nick Tovar, Lukasz Witek, Luiz F. Gil, Estevam A. Bonfante, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study evaluates the influence of two surface physicochemical modifications on osseointegration parameters of a healing chamber implant design. We examine dental implants with internal and external trapezoidal threads that have the following surface modifications: dual acid etching (DAE) and nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) coating over DAE surface (Nano). We installed implants in the right ilium of sheep and conducted histologic/metric analyses after 3 and 12 wk in vivo. We quantified the percentage of bone-to-implant contact (%BIC) and bone area fraction occupancy (%BAFO) within implant threads. Histologic micrographs indicate early bone formation within the healing chambers of implants with Nano surface relative to DAE surface. Histomorphometric analysis demonstrates there to be no significant differences in %BIC between 3 and 12 wk (p = 0.298). Compared to DAE, Nano shows more bone formation in contact with implant, regardless of time (p < 0.025). We observe > %BAFO at 12 wk relative to 3 wk, which differs significantly for Nano (p < 0.038). Implant surface treatment affects the amounts of bone formation within healing chambers, with Nano significantly outperforming DAE at 12 wk (p < 0.025). Nano presents a synergistic effect with implant design, improving osseointegration parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of long-term effects of medical implants
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Dental implants
  • Design
  • Osseointegration
  • Surface treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Dentistry(all)

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