In this paper we report the development of a family of polymerizable urea derivatives that are gelators for organic solvents. The design involves amino-acid-based urea derivatives containing methacrylate functional groups. Several of the bis-ureas show excellent gelation properties in a variety of organic solvents at very low concentrations (1.5 mM). The self-assembling properties of these compounds were studied by X-ray powder diffraction, optical microscopy, and electronic microscopy. The molecules self-assemble into fibrous aggregates as indicated by scanning electron microscopy. Depending on the nature of the monomeric unit, the structure of the aggregates ranges from small to large fibers and planar sheets. In polar solvents, the molecules exhibit multilamellar packing modes. The organogels can be polymerized by photoirradiation leading to significant increases in stability as indicated by changes in phase -transition temperature. The morphology of the aggregates was seen to maintain a similar structure both before and after irradiation. This method provides a novel type of polymer with designed self-assembling architecture and also affords to a route to stabilized polymer gels.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Chemistry - A European Journal|
|State||Published - Apr 15 2002|
- Supramolecular chemistry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry