Systemic Health Consequences of Alloplastic Implants of the TMJ: A Pilot Study

Karen G. Raphael, Joseph J. Marbach, Steven E. Keller, Jacqueline A. Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the relation between alloplastic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) implants and immuneassociated systemic health problems. The authors compared 14 patients who received alloplastic TMJ implants with 31 TMJ patients who had never received surgery on the self-reported occurrence of symptoms and systemic disorders that are associated with problems of immunomodulation. Those with alloplastic jaw implants reported similar or lower rates of surveyed physical disorders than nonsurgical TMJ participants. When the rates were summed across symptom categories and physical disorders, implant participants had significantly fewer symptoms and disorders than nonsurgical participants (T < 0.01). This first report on systemic health problems in alloplastic TMJ implant patients found no evidence of elevated rates of systemic disorders that are associated with problems of immunomodulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-299
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Orofacial Pain
Volume12
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Immunology
  • Joint prosthesis
  • Temporomandibular disorders
  • Temporomandibular joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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    Raphael, K. G., Marbach, J. J., Keller, S. E., & Bartlett, J. A. (1998). Systemic Health Consequences of Alloplastic Implants of the TMJ: A Pilot Study. Journal of Orofacial Pain, 12(4), 293-299.