Tailored approach to sleep health education (TASHE): A randomized controlled trial of a web-based application

Girardin Jean-Louis, Rebecca Robbins, Natasha J. Williams, John P. Allegrante, David M. Rapoport, Alwyn Cohall, Gbenga Ogedegbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study Objectives: In a randomized controlled trial, we compared the effect of the Tailored Approach to Sleep Health Education (TASHE) on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) self-efficacy among community-dwelling blacks in New York City. Methods: Study participants were 194 blacks at high risk for OSA based on the Apnea Risk Evaluation System. TASHE intervention was delivered via a Wi-Fi-enabled tablet, programmed to provide online access to culturally and linguistically tailored information designed to address unique barriers to OSA care among blacks. Blacks in the attention-controlled arm received standard sleep information via the National Sleep Foundation website. Blacks in both arms accessed online sleep information for 2 months. Outcomes (OSA health literacy, self-efficacy, knowledge and beliefs, and sleep hygiene) were assessed at baseline, at 2 months, and at 6 months. Results: We compared outcomes in both arms based on intention-to-treat analysis using adjusted Generalized Linear Mixed Modeling. TASHE exposure significantly increased OSA self-efficacy (OSA outcome expectation [β =.5; 95% CI:.1-.9] and OSA treatment efficacy [β = 0.4; 95% CI:.0-.8]) at 2 months but not at 6 months. Additionally, TASHE exposure improved sleep hygiene at 6 months (β = 6.7; 95% CI: 2.2-11.3) but not at 2 months. Conclusions: Community-dwelling blacks exposed to TASHE materials reported increased OSA self-efficacy compared with standard sleep health education. Stakeholder-engaged, theory-based approaches, as demonstrated in the TASHE intervention, can be used successfully to deliver effective sleep health messages. Clinical Trial Registration: Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02507089; Identifier: NCT02507089.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1331-1341
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2020

Keywords

  • Black Americans
  • Health communication
  • Health disparities
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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