Targeted manipulation of m6A RNA modification through CRISPR-Cas-based strategies

Xiang Sun, Dan Ohtan Wang, Jinkai Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a reversible and prevalent internal modification in RNAs and can be dynamically modulated by methyltransferase and demethylase. Targeted manipulation of m6A RNA modification is critical in studying the functions of specific m6A sites as well as developing molecular therapies through targeting m6A. The CRISPR-Cas systems including CRISPR-Cas9 and CRISPR-Cas13 have been widely used to edit and modify specific nucleotides on DNA and RNA through fusing effective proteins such as enzymes with Cas9/13. Through taking advantage of the m6A methyltransferase and demethylase, a series of CRISPR-Cas-based methods have also been developed to manipulate the m6A methylation at specific RNA sites. This review summarizes the latest CRISPR-Cas13 and Cas9 toolkits for m6A site-specific manipulation, including fundamental components, on-target efficiency, editing window, PAM/PFS requirement, and subcellularly localized targeting as well as potential limitations. We thus aim to provide an overview to assist researchers to choose an optimal tool to manipulate m6A for different purposes and also point out possible optimization strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-61
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • CRISPR-Cas13
  • CRISPR-Cas9
  • N-methyladenosine
  • Targeted manipulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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