Task-based vehicle interior layout design using optimization method to enhance safety

Joo Kim, Jingzhou Yang, Karim Abdel-Malek, Kyle Nebel

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This paper presents a virtual environment for conducting vehicle interior layout design. A virtual human called Santos™ that is biomechanically correct, has realistic musculoskeletal system, and natural motion/posture is created to live in this virtual world. One of the objectives of this virtual environment is to allow Santos™ to explore the interior package design such that one designs new defense and security vehicles without having to create a physical prototype to enhance safety, save time and cost. Different controls require different tasks, for example, pulling a clutch lever, pushing a button, turning a knob, and so on. Therefore, different tasks correspond to different human upper-body motions and hand loads, which in turn correspond to different displacement and torque at each joint. This is a dynamics problem for interior layout design with external loads. The formulation of dynamic equations of motion is implemented within optimization algorithm to predict joint profiles. This methodology allows Santos™ to help vehicle interior layout design while executing various tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number05
Pages (from-to)54-65
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 2005
EventEnabling Technologies for Simulation Science IX - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Mar 29 2005Mar 31 2005


  • Equation of motion
  • Interior layout design
  • Motion/posture prediction
  • Optimization
  • Task-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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