Task feedback suggests a post-perceptual component to serial dependence

Jacqueline M. Fulvio, Bas Rokers, Jason Samaha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Decisions across a range of perceptual tasks are biased toward past stimuli. Such serial dependence is thought to be an adaptive low-level mechanism that promotes perceptual stability across time. However, recent studies suggest post-perceptual mechanisms may also contribute to serially biased responses, calling into question a single locus of serial dependence and the nature of integration of past and present sensory inputs. We measured serial dependence in the context of a three-dimensional (3D) motion perception task where uncertainty in the sensory information varied substantially from trial to trial. We found that serial dependence varied with stimulus properties that impact sensory uncertainty on the current trial. Reduced stimulus contrast was associated with an increased bias toward the stimulus direction of the previous trial. Critically, performance feedback, which reduced sensory uncertainty, abolished serial dependence. These results provide clear evidence for a post-perceptual locus of serial dependence in 3D motion perception and support the role of serial dependence as a response strategy in the face of substantial sensory uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6
JournalJournal of vision
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2023


  • 3D motion perception
  • feedback
  • sensory uncertainty
  • serial dependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Ophthalmology


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