Teaching physicians to address unhealthy alcohol use: A randomized controlled trial assessing the effect of a Web-based module on medical student performance

Andrea Truncali, Joshua D. Lee, Tavinder K. Ark, Colleen Gillespie, Marc Triola, Kathleen Hanley, Marc N. Gourevitch, Adina L. Kalet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The authors developed and evaluated an interactive, Web-based module to train medical students in screening and brief intervention (SBI) for unhealthy alcohol use. Methods: First-year students were randomized to module versus lecture. Change in knowledge, attitudes, and confidence were compared. Performance was assessed by objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) and analyzed by intention to treat and treatment received. Results: Of 141 consenting students, 64% (n = 90) completed an intervention (54% lecture vs. 70% Web assigned). Knowledge, confidence, and attitudes improved in both groups, with more improvement in Advise-Assist knowledge for Web students (14% vs. -3%, p = 003). Web students outperformed their lecture peers in both general communication (65% vs. 51% items well done, p = 004) and alcohol-specific tasks (54% vs. 41%, p = 021) on OSCE. Analysis by treatment received enhanced between-group differences. Conclusion: Use of a Web-based module to teach SBI is associated with greater knowledge gain and skills performance compared with a lecture covering similar content. The module provides an efficient means for training in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-213
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Alcohol use disorders
  • Alcoholism multimedia
  • Internet
  • Medical education
  • Screening and brief intervention (SBI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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