Teaching self-management skills to cystic fibrosis patients and its effect on their caloric intake

E. Luder, J. A. Gilbride

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was undertaken to examine whether cystic fibrosis patients who received nutrition counseling based on self-management skills had an increased caloric intake and enhanced body mass index (kg/m2) values. Thirty-seven patients, aged 4 to 29 years, were placed on a nonrestricted nutrition program for a study period of 4 years. Bandura's self-management principles were applied in counseling patients to meet their nutrition needs. The results showed significant increases in energy intake and body mass index values (p < .001). The mean energy intake increased from 93.6 ± 16.9% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance to 125.8 ± 24.1% of the RDA, and mean body mass index value increased from 16.9 ± 2.3 to 18.8 ± 2.5. Pulmonary functions remained unchanged during the counseling period. Four to six counseling sessions were required before the mean caloric intake of the patients increased to the desired goal of 115% of the RDA. During the remainder of the study period, the mean caloric intake rose to 125% of the RDA. The results of this study suggest that cystic fibrosis patients are able to increase their caloric intake significantly with counseling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume89
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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