This study was undertaken to examine whether cystic fibrosis patients who received nutrition counseling based on self-management skills had an increased caloric intake and enhanced body mass index (kg/m2) values. Thirty-seven patients, aged 4 to 29 years, were placed on a nonrestricted nutrition program for a study period of 4 years. Bandura's self-management principles were applied in counseling patients to meet their nutrition needs. The results showed significant increases in energy intake and body mass index values (p < .001). The mean energy intake increased from 93.6 ± 16.9% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance to 125.8 ± 24.1% of the RDA, and mean body mass index value increased from 16.9 ± 2.3 to 18.8 ± 2.5. Pulmonary functions remained unchanged during the counseling period. Four to six counseling sessions were required before the mean caloric intake of the patients increased to the desired goal of 115% of the RDA. During the remainder of the study period, the mean caloric intake rose to 125% of the RDA. The results of this study suggest that cystic fibrosis patients are able to increase their caloric intake significantly with counseling.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Dietetic Association|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Nutrition and Dietetics