Including the effect of thermal fluctuations in traditional computational fluid dynamics requires developing numerical techniques for solving the stochastic partial differential equations of fluctuating hydrodynamics. These Langevin equations possess a special fluctuation-dissipation structure that needs to be preserved by spatio-temporal discretizations in order for the computed solution to reproduce the correct long-time behavior. In particular, numerical solutions should approximate the Gibbs-Boltzmann equilibrium distribution, and ideally this will hold even for large time step sizes. We describe finite-volume spatial discretizations for the fluctuating Burgers and fluctuating incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that obey a discrete fluctuation-dissipation balance principle just like the continuum equations. We develop implicit-explicit predictor-corrector temporal integrators for the resulting stochastic method-of-lines discretization. These stochastic Runge-Kutta schemes treat diffusion implicitly and advection explicitly, are weakly second-order accurate for additive noise for small time steps, and give a good approximation to the equilibrium distribution even for very strong fluctuations. Numerical results demonstrate that a midpoint predictor-corrector scheme is very robust over a broad range of time step sizes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 11 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics