Testing and treatment behaviour of HIV-infected women: White, African-American, Puerto Rican comparisons

K. Siegel, D. Karus, V. H. Raveis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Findings from a study of the testing and treatment behaviour and experiences of African-American (n = 31), Puerto Rican (n = 30) and non-Hispanic white (n = 23) HIV-infected women are reported. All women were 20-45 years of age and had not yet been diagnosed with AIDS. Data for the analyses presented were gathered through an interviewer-administered questionnaire completed before respondents participated in an unstructured interview. The analyses examine race/ethnic differences in women's delays in seeking testing and medical care, and in sources and types of HIV-treatment. Most significant for primary and secondary prevention efforts, the findings suggest that a significant proportion of women who suspect they are infected may delay being tested, and further, a substantial proportion who learn they are seropositive may delay seeking medical care. Thus important opportunities among HIV-infected women for secondary prevention through timely antiviral and prophylactic treatment, and for primary prevention through risk-reduction counselling may be being missed in many cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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