Tetrathiafulvalene radical cation dimerization in a bistable tripodal [4]rotaxane

Ivan Aprahamian, John Carl Olsen, Ali Trabolsi, J. Fraser Stoddart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The template-directed synthesis of a bistable tripodal [4]rotaxane, which has cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) as the π-electron-de-ficient rings, and tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and 1,5-dioxynaphthalene units as the pairs of π-electron-rich recognition sites located on all three legs of the tripodal dumbbell, is described. The chemical and electrochemical oxidation of the [4]rotaxane and its tripo dal dumbbell have allowed us to unravel an unprecedented TTF+ radical cation dimerization. In fact, two types of TTF dimers, namely, the radical cation dimer [TTF+]2 and the mixed-valence one [(TTF) 2]+, have been ob served at room temperature for the tripodal dumbbell, whereas, in the case of the [4]rotaxane, only the radical cation dimer [TTF+]2 is formed. This anomaly can be explained if it is accepted that most of the neutral TTF units in the [4]rotaxane are encircled by CBPQT4+ rings, which renders the formation of the mixed-valence dimer [(TTF)2]+ highly unfavorable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3889-3895
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number13
StatePublished - Apr 28 2008


  • Bistability
  • Click chemistry
  • Dimerization
  • Rotaxanes
  • Template synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Tetrathiafulvalene radical cation dimerization in a bistable tripodal [4]rotaxane'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this