Textile-reinforced mortar versus FRP jacketing in seismic retrofitting of RC columns with continuous or lap-spliced deformed bars

D. A. Bournas, T. C. Triantafillou, K. Zygouris, F. Stavropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effectiveness of a new structural material, namely, textile-reinforced mortar (TRM), was investigated experimentally in this study as a means of confining oldtype reinforced concrete (RC) columns with limited capacity due to bar buckling or due to bond failure at lap splice regions. Comparisons with equal stiffness and strength fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) jackets allow for the evaluation of the effectiveness of TRM versus FRP. Tests were carried out on nearly full scale nonseismically detailed RC columns subjected to cyclic uniaxial flexure under constant axial load. Ten cantilevertype specimens with either continuous or lap-spliced deformed longitudinal reinforcement at the floor level were constructed and tested. Experimental results indicated that TRM jacketing is quite effective as a means of increasing the cyclic deformation capacity of oldtype RC columns with poor detailing, by delaying bar buckling and by preventing splitting bond failures in columns with lap-spliced bars. Compared with their FRP counterparts, the TRM jackets used in this study were found to be equally effective in terms of increasing both the strength and deformation capacity of the retrofitted columns. From the response of specimens tested in this study, it can be concluded that TRM jacketing is an extremely promising solution for the confinement of reinforced concrete columns, including poorly detailed ones with or without lap splices in seismic regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-371
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009


  • Buckling
  • Concrete columns
  • Confinement
  • Mortars
  • Rehabilitation
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Seismic effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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