Textile reinforced mortars (TRM) are investigated in this study as strengthening materials for concrete structures altemative to fibre reinforced polymers (FRP). Textiles comprise fabric meshes made of long woven, knitted or even unwoven fibre yams in at least two (typically orthogonal) directions. Mortars-serving as binders-contain polymerie additives in order to increase their shear capacity (hence, their tensile strength). In this study, experimental investigations were carried out in order to provide a better understanding on the effectiveness of TRM jackets as a means of increasing: (i) the axial capacity of concrete through confinement; and (ii) the load-carrying capacity in shear of reinforced concrete (RC) flexural members. From the results obtained in this study it is strongly believed that TRM strengthening techniques are extremely promising and deserve extensive further investigation.