The association between sickle cell disease and dental caries in African Americans

Brian Laurence, David George, Dexter Woods, Adeyemisi Shosanya, Ralph V. Katz, Sophie Lanzkron, Marie Diener-West, Neil Powe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study sought to determine whether there was an association between sickle cell disease (SCD) and dental caries in African-American adults. A sample of 102 African-American adult patients with SCD from Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, were matched to 103 African-American adult subjects, who did not have SCD. The match was by age, gender and recruitment location. Each subject underwent a standardized oral examination as well as an interview to ascertain risk factors for dental caries. For individuals with incomes of less than $15,000, subjects with SCD had more decayed (10.36 versus 1.58) and fewer filled (2.86 versus 8.45) surfaces compared to subjects without SCD with both differences being statistically significant (p<0.05) after adjusting for age and gender. The results suggest that low-income African Americans with SCD may be at increased risk for dental caries and are less likely to receive treatment with a restoration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalSpecial Care in Dentistry
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

Keywords

  • Dental caries
  • Retrospective studies
  • Risk factors
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Laurence, B., George, D., Woods, D., Shosanya, A., Katz, R. V., Lanzkron, S., Diener-West, M., & Powe, N. (2006). The association between sickle cell disease and dental caries in African Americans. Special Care in Dentistry, 26(3), 95-100. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-4505.2006.tb01430.x