The association of psychological factors, physical activity, neuropathy, and quality of life in type 2 diabetes

Deborah A. Chyun, Gail D. Melkus, Deborah M. Katten, Wendie J. Price, Janice A. Davey, Neil Grey, Gary Heller, Frans J.Th Wackers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of sociodemographics; diabetes-related factors, including diabetes-related microvascular complications; cardiac risk factors; and psychological factors with quality of life (QOL). Participants enrolled at three sites in the Detection of Ischemia in Asymptomatic Diabetics (DIAD) study were invited to participate in this ancillary study. Questionnaires assessing psychological factors were completed by participants, and the remainder of the data was obtained as part of the DIAD study. Many participants had elevated levels of anxiety (n = 91; 82%), depressive symptoms (n = 16; 14%), anger (n = 38; 34%), and hostility (n = 17; 17%). Results of multivariate analyses conducted for each of the eight domains on the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 and two Diabetes Quality of Life domains demonstrated that in the majority of models (42% to 68% of the variance explained), female sex, peripheral or autonomic neuropathy, physical inactivity, higher body mass index, and the presence of depressive symptoms and anxiety were associated with poorer QOL (p =.0001). These findings demonstrate that anxiety, depressive symptoms, and neuropathy are prevalent in older adults with type 2 diabetes. In addition, potentially important correlations were demonstrated between psychological factors, neuropathy, body mass index, and physical inactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-288
Number of pages10
JournalBiological Research for Nursing
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Neuropathy
  • Physical activity
  • Psychological factors
  • Quality of life
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

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