The birth of the most important 18th century dental text: Pierre Fauchard's Le Chirurgien Dentist

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Abstract

Pierre Fauchard (1678-1761) is considered the father of modern dentistry. His seminal book, Le Chirurgien Dentiste, ou Traité des Dents (1728), is the discipline's first complete work. During the five years preceding its publication (1723-1728), Pierre Fauchard sought the opinions, contributions, and "approbation" (approval) of 19 of his colleagues: six physicians, 12 surgeons, and one dentist. The first and most important contributor to the manuscript was Jean Devaux, surgeon and mentor to Fauchard. The next six reviewers were illustrious physicians and scientists of the time: Philippe Hecquet, JeanClaude Adrien Helvetius, Jean Baptiste Silva, Antoine DeJussieu, Raymond Jacob Finot, and Antoine Benignus Winslow. The subsequent 12 reviewers were all sworn-surgeons (certified by St. Come), including a lone dentist, Laudumiey, surgeon-dentist to His Majesty, Philip V, King of Spain. Fauchard knew that for dentistry to be regarded as a learned profession, and perhaps for Fauchard to be recognized as its leader, he needed the support and approval of the establishment before publishing his book. This is an account of how he attained this endorsement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)922-926
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Volume86
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Chirurgien dentist
  • Fauchard
  • History of dentistry
  • Surgeon dentist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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