The calvaria of Sangiran 38, Sendangbusik, Sangiran Dome, Java

Etty Indriati, Susan C. Antón

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We describe in detail Sangiran 38 (S38), an adult partial calvaria recovered in 1980 from the Bapang (Kabuh) Formation of the Sangiran Dome near the hamlet of Sendangbusik, Java. Several other hominins (Bukuran, Hanoman 1, and Bs 9706) recovered in the vicinity come from either the upper-most Sangiran (Pucangan) or lower-most Bapang formations. S38 is from the lower Bapang Formation, which 40Ar/39Ar age estimates suggest spans between 1.47 and 1.58Ma. Anatomical and metric comparisons with a worldwide set of 'early non-erectus' Homo, and Homo erectus (sensu lato) fossils indicate S38 is best considered a member of H. erectus. Although smaller in size, S38 is similar in overall morphology to the Bukuran specimen of similar age and provenance. The S38 calvaria exhibits several depressed lesions of the vault consistent with a scalp or systemic infection or soft tissue cyst.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)225-243
    Number of pages19
    JournalHOMO- Journal of Comparative Human Biology
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Aug 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anthropology


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