The changing face of tobacco use among united states youth

Dana Lauterstein, Risa Hoshino, Terry Gordon, Beverly Xaviera Watkins, Michael Weitzman, Judith Zelikoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tobacco use, primarily in the form of cigarettes, is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States (U.S.). The adverse effects of tobacco use began to be recognized in the 1940’s and new hazards of active smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure from cigarettes continue to be identified to this day. This has led to a sustained and wide-ranging array of highly effective regulatory, public health, and clinical efforts that have been informed by extensive scientific data, resulting in marked decreases in the use of cigarettes. Unfortunately, the dramatic recent decline in cigarette use in the U.S., has been accompanied by an upsurge in adolescent and young adult use of new, non-cigarette tobacco and nicotine-delivery products, commonly referred to as alternative tobacco products (ATPs). Commonly used ATPs include hookah, cigars, smokeless tobacco, and electronic cigarettes. While there have been a number of review articles that focus on adult ATP use, the purpose of this review is to provide an overview of what is, and is not known about emerging ATP use among U.S. adolescents on a national scale; as well as to identify research gaps in knowledge, and discuss future health and policy needs for this growing public health concern. This paper is not meant to systemically review all published survey data, but to present clear depiction of selected ATP usage in youth populations using national survey data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-43
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Drug Abuse Reviews
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Alternative tobacco products
  • Nicotine
  • Tobacco
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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