This Note presents some equalities in law for ZN : = det (Id - G), where G is an element of a subgroup of the set of unitary matrices of size N, endowed with its unique probability Haar measure. Indeed, under some general conditions, ZN can be decomposed as a product of independent random variables, whose laws are explicitly known. Our results can be obtained in two ways: either by a recursive decomposition of the Haar measure (Section 1) or by previous results by Killip and Nenciu (2004) on orthogonal polynomials with respect to some measure on the unit circle (Section 2). This latter method leads naturally to a study of determinants of a class of principal submatrices (Section 3). To cite this article: P. Bourgade et al., C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 345 (2007).
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