The Cybersecurity Landscape in Industrial Control Systems

Stephen McLaughlin, Charalambos Konstantinou, Xueyang Wang, Lucas Davi, Ahmad Reza Sadeghi, Michail Maniatakos, Ramesh Karri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Industrial control systems (ICSs) are transitioning from legacy-electromechanical-based systems to modern information and communication technology (ICT)-based systems creating a close coupling between cyber and physical components. In this paper, we explore the ICS cybersecurity landscape including: 1) the key principles and unique aspects of ICS operation; 2) a brief history of cyberattacks on ICS; 3) an overview of ICS security assessment; 4) a survey of 'uniquely-ICS' testbeds that capture the interactions between the various layers of an ICS; and 5) current trends in ICS attacks and defenses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7434576
Pages (from-to)1039-1057
Number of pages19
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2016


  • Computer security
  • SCADA systems
  • industrial control
  • networked control systems
  • power system security
  • security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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