TY - JOUR

T1 - The detection matrix as a model-agnostic tool to estimate the number of degrees of freedom in mechanical systems and engineering structures

AU - Celli, Paolo

AU - Porfiri, Maurizio

N1 - Funding Information:
P.C. acknowledges the support of the Research Foundation for the State University of New York. M.P. acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CMMI 1932187.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Author(s).

PY - 2022/3/1

Y1 - 2022/3/1

N2 - Estimating the number of degrees of freedom of a mechanical system or an engineering structure from the time-series of a small set of sensors is a basic problem in diagnostics, which, however, is often overlooked when monitoring health and integrity. In this work, we demonstrate the applicability of the network-theoretic concept of detection matrix as a tool to solve this problem. From this estimation, we illustrate the possibility to identify damage. The detection matrix, recently introduced by Haehne et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 158301 (2019)] in the context of network theory, is assembled from the transient response of a few nodes as a result of non-zero initial conditions: its rank offers an estimate of the number of nodes in the network itself. The use of the detection matrix is completely model-agnostic, whereby it does not require any knowledge of the system dynamics. Here, we show that, with a few modifications, this same principle applies to discrete systems, such as spring-mass lattices and trusses. Moreover, we discuss how damage in one or more members causes the appearance of distinct jumps in the singular values of this matrix, thereby opening the door to structural health monitoring applications, without the need for a complete model reconstruction.

AB - Estimating the number of degrees of freedom of a mechanical system or an engineering structure from the time-series of a small set of sensors is a basic problem in diagnostics, which, however, is often overlooked when monitoring health and integrity. In this work, we demonstrate the applicability of the network-theoretic concept of detection matrix as a tool to solve this problem. From this estimation, we illustrate the possibility to identify damage. The detection matrix, recently introduced by Haehne et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 158301 (2019)] in the context of network theory, is assembled from the transient response of a few nodes as a result of non-zero initial conditions: its rank offers an estimate of the number of nodes in the network itself. The use of the detection matrix is completely model-agnostic, whereby it does not require any knowledge of the system dynamics. Here, we show that, with a few modifications, this same principle applies to discrete systems, such as spring-mass lattices and trusses. Moreover, we discuss how damage in one or more members causes the appearance of distinct jumps in the singular values of this matrix, thereby opening the door to structural health monitoring applications, without the need for a complete model reconstruction.

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U2 - 10.1063/5.0083767

DO - 10.1063/5.0083767

M3 - Article

C2 - 35364822

AN - SCOPUS:85126089754

VL - 32

JO - Chaos

JF - Chaos

SN - 1054-1500

IS - 3

M1 - 033106

ER -