The development of BAC-end sequence-based microsatellite markers and placement in the physical and genetic maps of soybean

Jeffry L. Shultz, Samreen Kazi, Rabia Bashir, Jawaad A. Afzal, David A. Lightfoot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The composite map of soybean shared among Soybase, LIS and SoyGD (March 2006) contained 3,073 DNA markers in the "Locus" class. Among the markers were 1,019 class I microsatellite markers with 2-3 bp simple sequence repeats (SSRs) of >10 iterations (BARC-SSR markers). However, there were few class II SSRs (2-5 bp repeats with <10 iterations; mostly SIUC-Satt markers). The aims here were to increase the number of classes I and II SSR markers and to integrate bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones onto the soybean physical map using the markers. Used was 10 Mb of BAC-end sequence (BES) derived from 13,473 reads from 7,050 clones constituting minimum tile path 2 of the soybean physical map ( ; SoyGD). Identified were 1,053 1-6 bp motif, repeat sequences, 333 from class I (>10 repeats) and 720 from class II (<10 repeats). Potential markers were shown on the MTP_SSR track at Gbrowse. Primers were designed as 20-24 bp oligomers that had Tm of 55 ± 1 C that would generate 100-500 bp amplicons. About 853 useful primer pairs were established. Motifs were not randomly distributed with biases toward AT rich motifs. Strong biases against the GC motif and all tetra-nucleotide repeats were found. The markers discovered were useful. Among the first 135 targeted for use in genetic map improvement about 60% of class II markers and 75% of class I markers were polymorphic among on the parents of four recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. Many of the BES-based SSRs were located on the soybean genetic map in regions with few BARC-SSR markers. Therefore, BES-based SSRs represent useful tools for genetic map development in soybean. New members of a consortium to map the markers in additional populations are invited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1081-1090
Number of pages10
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Apr 2007


  • Legume
  • Microsatellite
  • Motif
  • Physical map
  • Repeat
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics


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