The dolognawmeter: A novel instrument and assay to quantify nociception in rodent models of orofacial pain

John C. Dolan, David K. Lam, Stacy H. Achdjian, Brian L. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rodent pain models play an important role in understanding the mechanisms of nociception and have accelerated the search for new treatment approaches for pain. Creating an objective metric for orofacial nociception in these models presents significant technical obstacles. No animal assay accurately measures pain-induced orofacial dysfunction that is directly comparable to human orofacial dysfunction. We developed and validated a high throughput, objective, operant, nociceptive animal assay, and an instrument to perform the assay termed the dolognawmeter, for evaluation of conditions known to elicit orofacial pain in humans. Using the device our assay quantifies gnawing function in the mouse. We quantified a behavioral index of nociception and demonstrated blockade of nociception in three models of orofacial pain: (1) TMJ inflammation, (2) masticatory myositis, and (3) head and neck cancer. This assay will be useful in the study of nociceptive mediators involved in the development and progression of orofacial pain conditions and it will also provide a unique tool for development and assessment of new therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2010

Keywords

  • Cancer pain
  • Myositis
  • Nociceptive assay
  • Oral cancer
  • Orofacial pain
  • TMJ pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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