The dynamics of life stressors and depressive symptoms in early adolescence: A test of six theoretical models

Margaret Clements, J. Lawrence Aber, Edward Seidman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Structural equation modeling was used to compare 6 competing theoretically based psychosocial models of the longitudinal association between life stressors and depressive symptoms in a sample of early adolescents (N = 907; 40% Hispanic, 32% Black, and 19% White; mean age at Time 1 = 11.4 years). Only two models fit the data, both of which included paths modeling the effect of depressive symptoms on stressors recall: The mood-congruent cognitive bias model included only depressive symptoms to life stressors paths (DS→S), whereas the fully transactional model included paths representing both the DS→S and stressors to depressive symptoms (S→DS) effects. Social causation models and the stress generation model did not fit the data. Findings demonstrate the importance of accounting for mood-congruent cognitive bias in stressors-depressive symptoms investigations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1182
Number of pages15
JournalChild development
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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