The effect of childhood supervisory neglect on emerging adults drinking

Susan M. Snyder, Darcey H. Merritt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of childhood supervisory neglect on emerging adults drinking. Child supervisory neglect is the most common form of child maltreatment in the United States, but few studies explore supervisory neglect separate from other forms of maltreatment among emerging adults, 18-25 years old. The study sample included (n = 11,117) emerging adults, 18-25 years old who participated in Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). We conducted separate analyses for male and female emerging adults, because they have different rates of alcohol consumption and alcohol risk behaviors. Our study used latent class analysis to understand how patterns of alcohol risk behaviors clustered together. For males, we found the following four classes: (1) multiple-risk drinkers, (2) moderate-risk drinkers, (3) binge-drinkers, and (4) low-risk drinkers or abstainers. For females, we found the following three classes: (1) multiple-risk drinkers, (2) moderate-risk drinkers, and (3) low-risk drinkers or abstainers. For both males and females, supervisory neglect increased the odds of membership in the multiple-risk drinkers class compared to the low-risk drinkers or abstainers class. Single males who did not live with their parents, and who were white had increased odds of being in the multiple-risk drinkers. For females, being more educated, or in a serious romantic relationship increased the odds of membership in the multiple-risk drinkers class. Practitioners should ask about histories of supervisory neglect among emerging adults who engage in alcohol risk behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2016

Keywords

  • Add Health
  • Child supervisory neglect
  • National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
  • alcohol
  • depression
  • emerging adults
  • gender differences
  • latent class analysis
  • parental drinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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