The effect of free boundary conditions on the Ising model in high dimensions

Federico Camia, Jianping Jiang, Charles M. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study the critical Ising model with free boundary conditions on finite domains in Zd with d≥ 4. Under the assumption, so far only proved completely for high d, that the critical infinite volume two-point function is of order | x- y| -(d-2) for large | x- y| , we prove the same is valid on large finite cubes with free boundary conditions, as long as x, y are not too close to the boundary. This confirms a numerical prediction in the physics literature by showing that the critical susceptibility in a finite domain of linear size L with free boundary conditions is of order L2 as L→ ∞. We also prove that the scaling limit of the near-critical (small external field) Ising magnetization field with free boundary conditions is Gaussian with the same covariance as the critical scaling limit, and thus the correlations do not decay exponentially. This is very different from the situation in low d or the expected behavior in high d with bulk boundary conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-328
Number of pages18
JournalProbability Theory and Related Fields
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Correlation decay
  • Free boundary conditions
  • High dimensions
  • Ising model
  • Near-critical
  • Susceptibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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