The effect of hygrothermal fatigue on physical/mechanical properties and morphology of neat epoxy resin and graphite/epoxy composite

Jovan Mijović, King‐Fu ‐F Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of moisture absorption, desorption, and thermal spiking on the physical/mechanical properties of TGDDM/DDS epoxy resin was investigated and compared to the Gr/Ep composite. The mechanism of moisture diffusion in the neat resin was described on the morphological level. The diffusion rate of moisture in epoxy resin was found to depend on the mobility of molecular chains within an inhomogeneous epoxy network. Two well‐known concepts of plasticization of amorphous polymers, the lubricity theory and the gel theory, were invoked to describe the interactions between the absorbed moisture and the resin network. Slight permanent changes in properties of the neat resin were observed after one absorption‐desorption cycle. In the thermal spiking experiment, only the spiking temperature above the glass transition of the moisture saturated epoxy resins changed their internal structure and produced very small (thin) microcracks. By comparison with the neat epoxy resin, the Gr/Ep composites contain the reinforcement‐matrix boundary region, characterized by the highest restrictions to molecular mobility. The absorbed moisture during the static hygrothermal fatigue cannot effectively plasticize this region. But during thermal spiking, the formation of microcracks is observed within the reinforcement‐matrix boundary region as well as an increase in the moisture content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2527-2549
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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