The effect of video feedback delay on frustration and emotion communication accuracy

Stacie Renfro Powers, Christian Rauh, Robert A. Henning, Ross W. Buck, Tessa V. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous research has demonstrated that for unacquainted dyads and groups interacting over video, feedback delay can interfere with the impression-formation process and increase cognitive load, in turn leading to incorrect interpersonal judgments. In this study, 35 dyads participated in two 10-min conversation periods over video monitors. In one period there was a 1-s delay in the audio/video signal and in the other there was no delay. In period 1 the presence of feedback delay was associated with decreased frustration and increased ability to accurately judge a partner's emotions. In period 2, however, feedback delay was associated with increased frustration and had no effect on emotion communication accuracy, which was decreased in both conditions by inaccurate assumed similarity. Results supported and expanded the relation-alignment perspective, which states that individuals will consciously attempt to manage their impressions over technological channels, but that they can also be unconsciously influenced by technological distortion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1651-1657
Number of pages7
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Assumed similarity
  • Dyadic analysis
  • Emotion
  • Feedback delay
  • Video communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • General Psychology


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