The effectiveness of malaria camps as part of the Durgama Anchalare Malaria Nirakaran (DAMaN) program in Odisha, India: study protocol for a cluster-assigned quasi-experimental study

Danielle C. Ompad, Anne Kessler, Anna Maria Van Eijk, Timir K. Padhan, Mohammed A. Haque, Steven A. Sullivan, Yesim Tozan, Joacim Rocklöv, Sanjib Mohanty, Madan M. Pradhan, Praveen K. Sahu, Jane M. Carlton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Indian state of Odisha has a longstanding battle with forest malaria. Many remote and rural villages have poor access to health care, a problem that is exacerbated during the rainy season when malaria transmission is at its peak. Approximately 62% of the rural population consists of tribal groups who are among the communities most negatively impacted by malaria. To address the persistently high rates of malaria in these remote regions, the Odisha State Malaria Control Program introduced ‘malaria camps’ in 2017 where teams of health workers visit villages to educate the population, enhance vector control methods, and perform village-wide screening and treatment. Malaria rates declined statewide, particularly in forested areas, following the introduction of the malaria camps, but the impact of the intervention is yet to be externally evaluated. This study protocol describes a cluster-assigned quasi-experimental stepped-wedge study with a pretest-posttest control group design that evaluates if malaria camps reduce the prevalence of malaria, compared to control villages which receive the usual malaria control interventions (e.g. IRS, ITNs), as detected by PCR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1886458
JournalGlobal Health Action
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • DAMaN
  • Malaria camp
  • Odisha
  • cluster-assigned quasi-experimental study
  • malaria
  • malaria control program
  • plasmodium
  • screening and treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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