The effectiveness of malaria camps as part of the malaria control program in Odisha, India

Danielle C. Ompad, Timir K. Padhan, Anne Kessler, Yesim Tozan, Abbey M. Jones, Anna Maria van Eijk, Steven A. Sullivan, Mohammed A. Haque, Madan Mohan Pradhan, Sanjib Mohanty, Jane M. Carlton, Praveen K. Sahu

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Durgama Anchalare Malaria Nirakaran (DAMaN) is a multi-component malaria intervention for hard-to-reach villages in Odisha, India. The main component, malaria camps (MCs), consists of mass screening, treatment, education, and intensified vector control. We evaluated MC effectiveness using a quasi-experimental cluster-assigned stepped-wedge study with a pretest–posttest control group in 15 villages: six immediate (Arm A), six delayed (Arm B), and three previous interventions (Arm C). The primary outcome was PCR + Plasmodium infection prevalence. The time (i.e., baseline vs. follow-up 3) x study arm interaction term shows that there were statistically significant lower odds of PCR + Plasmodium infection in Arm A (AOR = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.17, 0.74) but not Arm C as compared to Arm B at the third follow-up. The cost per person ranged between US$3–8, the cost per tested US$4–9, and the cost per treated US$82–1,614, per camp round. These results suggest that the DAMaN intervention is a promising and financially feasible approach for malaria control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number22998
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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