The effects of a computer network on pediatric pain and anxiety

Gary Holden, David J. Bearison, Diane C. Rode, Merrifishman Kapiloff, Gary Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this study was to test the impact of an enhanced version of STARBRIGHT World (SBW2)–a private computer network for hospitalized children. The impact of SBW2 was assessed with a series of 44 replicated single system designs. Utilizing an ecological momentary assessment approach, self-reports were obtained regarding children’s perceptions of their pain intensity, pain aversiveness and anxiety. The results from the single system designs were aggregated using meta-analysis. Children experienced significantly less pain intensity, pain aversiveness, and anxiety in the SBW2 condition. These findings provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of SBW2 and demonstrate the utility of employing meta-analysis with single system designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-47
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Technology in Human Services
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000


  • Anxiety
  • Computer
  • Network
  • Pain
  • Pediatric
  • Randomized controlled clinical trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • General Social Sciences
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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