The Effects of Daily Support Transactions During Acute Stress: Results from a Diary Study of Bar Exam Preparation

Patrick E. Shrout, Niall Bolger, Masumi Iida, Christopher Burke, Marci E.J. Gleason, Sean P. Lane

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Although social support is known to be beneficial in general, daily support receipt has been associated with negative effects on daily negative mood, unless the support acts are "invisible," i.e. provided by partner but unnoticed by recipient. In this chapter, the timing of these effects is examined using structured daily diary reports of recent law school graduates (N = 312) and their intimate partners during a 5-week preparation period before the graduates sat for the state bar examination. Examinees reported mood at waking and in the evening. Using multilevel models, the authors checked if support receipt (reported by examinee) and provision (reported by partner) on one day were related to examinee's mood on the same evening, the next morning, and the next evening. The authors failed to replicate the invisible support pattern, instead finding that provider reports of emotional support were associated with increased negative mood for all time lags. Daily emotional support receipt was positively associated with vigor in the evening on both same and next days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSupport Processes in Intimate Relationships
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199864355
ISBN (Print)9780195380170
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Daily diaries
  • Relationships
  • Social support
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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