To explore the possible therapeutic use of electric convulsive treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD), the authors examined the biochemical effects of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on dopaminergic systems in a rodent model of PD, induced with the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). MPTP increased dopamine turnover, as indicated by an increase in the ratio of the dopamine metabolites dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid to dopamine. [3H]Spiperone binding to the D2 site increased after lesioning of striatal dopamine terminals. With ECS alone, no changes were found in monoamine levels, brain monoamine oxidase activity, or the D2-labeled sites measured 24 hours after the last treatment. [3H]SCH-23390 binding to the D1 site increased after ECS. In MPTP-treated mice, ECS also increased [3H]SCH-23390 binding to the D1 site, whereas [3H]spiperone binding to the D2 site was unchanged compared to control or to only ECS-treated animals, and decreased compared to the MPTP-treated group that did not receive ECS. ECS appears to selectively modify both the D1 and D2 sites when given after MPTP, increasing the binding of a D1 radioligand and decreasing the binding of a D2 radioligand.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health