The effects of on-street parking on the service rate of nearby intersections

Jin Cao, Monica Menendez, Vasileios Nikias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An on-street parking maneuver can often start a temporary bottleneck, leading to additional delay endured by the following vehicles. If the maneuver occurs near a signalized intersection, the service rate of the intersection might be reduced. In this paper, a model is built to analyze the effects of parking maneuvers on the intersection service rate. Based on the hydrodynamic theory of traffic flow, the perturbation caused by the parking maneuver is analyzed. Using dimensional analysis, we illustrate the relation between the background conditions, the distance from the parking area to the intersection, and the intersection service rate. Based on this relation, one can compute the service rate reduction caused by existing on-street parking areas. A minimum distance between the parking area and the intersection to avoid such reduction can be accordingly found. Numerical examples based on empirical data from the city of Zurich, Switzerland, are provided to illustrate the practical applications. Although the analysis is based on streets with a single lane per direction, the findings can provide some insights regarding different situations. We hope such findings can be used as a basis for developing on-street parking design guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-420
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • bottleneck
  • intersection
  • on-street parking maneuver
  • service rate
  • throughput
  • traffic flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management

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