The effects of treatment team diversity and size on assessments of team functioning

J. A. Alexander, R. Lichtenstein, K. Jinnett, T. A. D'Aunno, E. Ullman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Team-based health care assumes that groups representing multiple disciplines can work together to implement care plans that are comprehensive and integrated. It also assumes that professionals can function effectively in an interdependent relationship with members of other occupational groups. However, we know little about what makes effective team functioning. This article examines the factors related to health care team functioning, with specific emphasis on team demographic composition and size. Hierarchical linear modeling is used to analyze 106 multidisciplinary teams (1,060 members) that provide mental health care in 29 Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Results indicate that individuals who operate on more heterogenous and larger teams have lower perceptions of team functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-53
Number of pages17
JournalHospital and Health Services Administration
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management


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