The Effects of Victimization on Reactions to Other Victims

Madeline E. Heilman, Joyce Slochower, Morton Deutsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A study was conducted to investigate the conditions under which the experience of victimization alters one's responses to other victims. Subjects were led to believe they either had been fairly paid for their work on a task (nonvictims) or had been underpaid (victims). Half the subjects believed that the treatment they had received was based upon personal information they had revealed about themselves (responsible subjects), while the others believed their treatment had nothing to do with them personally (not responsible subjects). All subjects were given an opportunity to evaluate, judge similarity to, and pay a second victim who was believed to be either “responsible” or “nor responsiile” for his plight. The results generally supported the experimental hypotheses. The impact the experience of victimization had on an individual's responses to another victim depended upon the individual's perception of his own state. The directionality of such altered responses was determined by the individual's perception of the other's state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-205
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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