The mechanisms of de novo gene expression and translation of specific gene transcripts have long been known to support long-lasting changes in synaptic plasticity and behavioral long-term memory. In recent years, it has become increasingly apparent that gene expression is heavily regulated not only on the level of transcription, but also through post-transcriptional gene regulation, which governs the subcellular localization, stability, and likelihood of translation of mRNAs. Specific families of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) bind transcripts which contain AU-rich elements (AREs) within their 3′ UTR and thereby govern their downstream fate. These post-transcriptional gene regulatory mechanisms are coordinated through the same cell signaling pathways that play critical roles in long-term memory formation. In this review, we discuss recent results that demonstrate the roles that these ARE-binding proteins play in LTM formation.
- AU-rich elements
- Long-term memory
- Post-transcriptional regulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Behavioral Neuroscience