The forward and inverse problems in time-distance helioseismology

Jason Jackiewicz, Laurent Gizon, Aaron C. Birch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Time-distance helioseismology is a set of tools for peering into the solar interior. In this paper we discuss and provide examples of the steps that go into current high-resolution time-distance helioseismic analyses. These steps include observations (cross covariances, travel times), modeling of the seismic wavefield for a weakly inhomogeneous solar model, and inversion of the travel times. The discussion is framed in the context of studying quiet-Sun flows, although the extension to other solar perturbations is straightforward and analogous. The two-plus-one-dimensional (2+1D) inversion procedure implemented here produces maps of vector flows in the near-surface layers of the photosphere. We examine the flows obtained by compromising, or trading off, between different observation times, spatial resolutions, and noise levels. Also studied is the correlation of the flows at different depths and over different time intervals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012033
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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