The friendships of racial-ethnic minority youth in context

Leoandra Onnie Rogers, Erika Y. Niwa, Niobe Way

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


An extensive theoretical and empirical literature suggests that friendships are an important, if not essential, micro-context of adolescent development- shaping youth identity, school and civic engagement, and psychological and physical wellbeing. Friendships are also themselves embedded within, and shaped by, the larger macro-context of culture (Bronfenbrenner in Am Psychol 34:844-850, 1979. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.34.10.844), including racial-ethnic stereotypes (García-Coll et al. in Child Dev 67:1891-1914, 1996; Spencer in Black youth: perspectives on their status in the United States. Praeger, Westport, pp 37-69, 1995). Yet, the study offriendship rarely examines the influence of the macro-context or includes racial-ethnic minority adolescents despite the fact that half of all the youth in American schools are members of a racial-ethnic minority group. In this chapter, we review research on the friendships of racial-ethnic minority adolescents and focus specifically on how the macro-context of socialidentity-based stereotypes shapes the micro-context of friendships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook on Positive Development of Minority Children and Youth
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783319436456
ISBN (Print)9783319436432
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • General Social Sciences


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