The generality of architectural isomerism in designer inclusion frameworks

K. T. Holman, S. M. Martin, D. P. Parker, M. D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe herein new structural isomers of a lamellar host system based on organodisulfonate "pillars" that connect opposing hydrogen-bonded sheets, consisting of topologically complementary guanidinium (G) ions and sulfonate (S) groups, to generate inclusion cavities between the sheets. These new isomers - zigzag brick, double brick, V-brick, and crisscross bilayer-expand significantly on our earlier report of architectural isomerism displayed by the discrete bilayer and simple brick forms. We demonstrate here that the discrete bilayer - simple brick isomerism, which was limited to several host-guest combinations based on the G2(4,4′-biphenyldisulfonate) host and one pair of compounds based on the G2(2,6-naphthalenedisulfonate), can be generalized to other organodisulfonate pillars. Furthermore, in many cases the selectivity toward the different framework isomers reflects a rather systematic templating role of the guest molecules and host-guest recognition during assembly of the lattice. We also describe a convenient approach to identifying and classifying the innumerable possible host architectures based upon the pillar projection topologies for the GS sheets and the intersheet connectivities. The discovery of these new architectures reveals a structural versatility for this class of materials that exceeds initial expectations and observations. Each topology produces different connectivities between the sheets in the third dimension that endows each framework isomer with uniquely shaped and sized inclusion cavities, enabling this host system to conform readily to different guests. The unlimited number of architectures available, combined with the inherent conformational softness and structural tunability of these host lattices, suggests a near universality for the GS system with respect to guest inclusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4421-4431
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number19
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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