The IEEE 1918.1 "tactile Internet" standards working group and its standards

Oliver Holland, Eckehard Steinbach, R. Venkatesha Prasad, Qian Liu, Zaher Dawy, Adnan Aijaz, Nikolaos Pappas, Kishor Chandra, Vijay S. Rao, Sharief Oteafy, Mohamad Eid, Mark Luden, Amit Bhardwaj, Xun Liu, Joachim Sachs, Jose Araujo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The IEEE 'Tactile Internet' (TI) Standards working group (WG), designated the numbering IEEE 1918.1, undertakes pioneering work on the development of standards for the TI. This paper describes the WG, its intentions, and its developing baseline standard and the associated reasoning behind that and touches on a further standard already initiated under its scope: IEEE 1918.1.1 on 'Haptic Codecs for the TI.' IEEE 1918.1 and its baseline standard aim to set the framework and act as the foundations for the TI, thereby also serving as a basis for further standards developed on TI within the WG. This paper discusses the aspects of the framework such as its created TI architecture, including the elements, functions, interfaces, and other considerations therein, as well as the novel aspects and differentiating factors compared with, e.g., 5G Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication, where it is noted that the TI will likely operate as an overlay on other networks or combinations of networks. Key foundations of the WG and its baseline standard are also highlighted, including the intended use cases and associated requirements that the standard must serve, and the TI's fundamental definition and assumptions as understood by the WG, among other aspects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8605315
Pages (from-to)256-279
Number of pages24
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019


  • 5G mobile communication
  • Tactile Internet
  • haptic interfaces
  • standardization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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